Technology is evolving at a higher speed today than ever before. A lot of these changes have come as an effect of the Covid-19 world, where more than half the IT population are working from home. If you are into the computer science industry you’ll want to keep your eyes open to what developments are happening today to understand what will trend shortly.
Read this article to find out what are the trends to watch out for in the field of Computer science engineering in 2021.
1. Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence or AI is a wide and popular branch in computer science that is concerned with building smart technology machines that are capable of doing tasks that usually require human intelligence. AI has several approaches such as deep learning, and advanced MI that are bringing about huge changes in virtually every industry and sector.
2. Machine Learning
ML or machine learning is also trending these days and is often confused with artificial intelligence. Machine learning is a science of algorithm application and design which helps in learning new things from data in past cases. It is used to forecast if a certain behaviour that existed in the past might happen in the future or not. This also means that ML is dependent on past information, without which it cannot make predictions. ML is used to learn tough problems such as fraud detection in credit cards, face detection, self-driving cars, etc.
The global market for artificial intelligence is supposed to expand at a CAGR of the compound annual growth rate of 40% from 2021-28.
3. Edge Computing
Edge computing is in contrast with cloud computing where data is stored far from the end-user in separate data centers. In edge computing, the computer data remains at an edge or close to the end-user.
Edge computing works on the transmission of raw data to any central data center to process and analyze it. Instead, the work is performed where the data is being generated. The result of the work at the edge, whether it is real-time business insights or predictions answers, is sent back to the primary data center to review, etc. Edge computing is expected to save bandwidth and save time in response.
4. Quantum Computing
Quantum computing technology is when powerful computers are used to solve atomic-level problems. While traditional computers store data and undergo calculations in binary code, quantum computers use qubits, also known as quantum bits. As a result of which, quantum computers can crunch numbers and perform calculations more quickly than ever.
Sectors that can benefit most from quantum computing are banking, agriculture, transportation, etc. Scientists find quantum computing as promising for developing sustainable technologies and solving environmental issues.
If you are a student of computer science, you can improve your career prospects by studying these IT trends. Many schools offer courses in artificial intelligence, robotics, cyber security et cetera for learners who are seeking to specialise in any of these sub-fields. Join a program today.